Wim Wenders

(Excerpted from IMDB biography by Jon C. Hopwood):

"Wim Wenders is an Oscar-nominated German filmmaker who was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf ... Wenders originally studied to become a physician before switching to philosophy before terminating his studies in 1965. Moving to Paris, he intended to become a painter ...  supported himself as an engraver while attending movie houses. Upon his return to West Germany in 1967, he was employed by United Artists at its Düsseldorf office before he was accepted by the University of Television and Film, Munich [1968 - 1972] ... While attending film school, he worked as a newspaper film critic. In addition to shorts, he made a feature film as part of his studies, Summer in the City (1970).

Wenders gained recognition as part of the German New Wave of the 1970s ... His second feature ... The Goalie's Anxiety at the Penalty Kick (1972), brought him acclaim, as did Alice in the Cities (1974) and Kings of the Road (1976). It was his 1977 feature The American Friend (1977), starring Dennis Hopper ...that represented his international breakthrough. He was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1977 Cannes Film Festival for "The American Friend" ...

Francis Ford Coppola, as producer, gave Wenders the chance to direct in America, but Hammett (1982) was a critical and commercial failure. However, his American-made Paris, Texas (1984) received critical hosannas, winning three awards at Cannes, including the Palme d'Or, and Wenders won a BAFTA for best director ... a prelude to his greatest success, Wings of Desire (1987) ... The film brought him the best director award at Cannes ...

Wenders followed it up with a critical and commercial flop,, Until the End of the World (1991), though Faraway, So Close! (1993) won the Grand Prize of the Jury at Cannes ... Since the mid-1990s, Wenders has distinguished himself as a non-fiction filmmaker, directing several highly acclaimed documentaries, most notably Buena Vista Social Club (1999) and Pina (2011), both of which brought him Oscar nominations."

See also ... Wim Wenders Official Bio